Reshaping Trading Platforms: The Power of Microservices
18 August 2023 • 5 min read
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Note: I've successfully applied this approach to a stock exchange website. You can rest assured that the information provided is based on my firsthand experience.
Let's assume the following scenario: We have a real-time trading platform website where users can trade on stock markets. The current architecture is monolithic, with all system components tightly integrated and running on a single server or server set.
Now let's imagine if the same platform was operating based on a microservices architecture and delve deep into the benefits of microservices systems.
The website operates on virtual machines distributed across various Internet service providers or cloud platforms globally. On busy days with high market demand, the site faces increased traffic and visitors, leading to potential performance issues and downtime. To tackle this, the company may add more virtual machines to the system and deploy the website on them, necessitating a full-scale upgrade, even if only certain components experience high demand. This process can be costly and time-consuming, with no assurance that it will resolve the issues. Additionally, determining the appropriate number of resources (virtual machines) to handle the load is challenging. Managing a monolithic architecture across multiple virtual machines and ISPs is also complex.
Migrating from a monolithic to a microservices architecture offers significant scalability benefits. In this case, let's consider the e-commerce website after the migration. With microservices, each service can scale independently, providing the flexibility to handle high demand for specific functions like the history search service during the after-market. This responsiveness to changes in demand makes the website more adaptive.
Furthermore, microservices enable horizontal scaling, where multiple servers can be added, each running a specific microservice. This approach enhances scalability as each service can be independently scaled, allowing the system to manage much higher traffic volumes.
Cost reduction is a crucial objective for any business, including our current example of a trading website. Efficiently managing resources to anticipate and cope with high-traffic days is vital. While adding more virtual machines and resources for busy periods may seem sensible, it can lead to unnecessary costs during slower times with lower demand. This results in resource waste and higher expenses. Therefore, finding a solution that caters to both high and low traffic days while minimizing costs is essential.
Migrating from a monolithic to a microservices architecture can achieve this goal by enabling more efficient resource utilization. Microservices offer greater scalability and flexibility in handling high traffic levels. With horizontal scaling, the number of instances of specific services can be adjusted based on factors such as visitor numbers or network bandwidth. This efficient resource allocation allows the system to handle increased demand without incurring significant additional costs.
Faster Time to Market
In a traditional deployment setup, making changes to the website involves copying new files to servers and updating environment settings across virtual machines. This manual process increases the risk of human error, potentially leading to downtime or other issues. Moreover, due to tight coupling of website components, even a small change necessitates updating the entire website, making individual scaling challenging.
However, in a microservices architecture, deployment becomes streamlined and efficient. Each service operates independently, allowing updates and deployments without impacting the rest of the website. This eliminates the need to update all components for minor changes, reducing the risk of errors and downtime. Automation tools like Kubernetes and Docker can be employed to manage the entire microservices infrastructure, automating the deployment process and improving efficiency. As a result, businesses can deploy changes faster and more frequently, enabling swift responses to market changes and customer needs.
Imagine a problem occurs with the website just before the market opens, causing a complete website outage. Traders are unable to access the site and, consequently, unable to trade. Such incidents can erode users' trust and result in significant losses. In tightly integrated systems, a problem with one component can bring down the entire system, making quick identification and resolution difficult, leading to extended downtime.
However, with microservices, each service operates independently and can be scaled and managed separately. Thus, if a problem arises with one service, it doesn't necessarily affect the whole system, enabling faster issue resolution. Additionally, as each service is loosely coupled, changes or updates to one service do not demand changes or updates to others, facilitating smooth deployment without disrupting the entire system. This enhances availability, reliability, and speeds up issue resolution in case of problems.
In a tightly integrated system, making a small change to one component often entails modifications to multiple others. For example, adding a new feature to your trading platform website's user interface may require adjusting the technology stack of the entire website, limiting the use of other suitable technologies. Additionally, it might necessitate changes to the application logic, data storage, and other components. These modifications can be time-consuming and require extensive testing to ensure they don't cause issues with other parts of the system.
However, with a microservices architecture, the new feature can be developed and deployed independently in terms of technology choices, development frameworks, and deployment options. This allows for faster time-to-market, as changes can be made and deployed more quickly without affecting the entire system. The flexibility of microservices enables efficient development and deployment of individual components, leading to faster and more agile updates.
In the post you just finished reading, we explored the advantages of migrating from a monolithic architecture to a microservices architecture for a trading platform website. The monolithic setup, with tightly integrated components, can lead to performance issues and downtime during high-traffic periods. Scaling the entire system to meet demand can be costly and inefficient.
In contrast, a microservices architecture offers greater scalability and flexibility. Each service operates independently, allowing for individual scaling and efficient resource management. Deployments become streamlined and error-resistant, as updates can be made without affecting the entire system. This results in faster time-to-market, improved availability, and better responsiveness to market changes and customer needs.
Furthermore, the loosely coupled nature of microservices allows for the independent development of components with different technologies and deployment options. This independence translates to quicker development cycles and less disruption when introducing new features.
Overall, a shift to a microservices architecture presents numerous benefits, including enhanced performance, cost-efficiency, and adaptability, making it a compelling choice for modern trading platforms and similar web applications.
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